The old houses of Maritzburg have, over the years, been the subject of much discussion, research and heartbreak, as general neglect and municipal mismanagement have contributed to a decaying cityscape.
No longer can Maritzburg be described as one of the most beautiful Victorian cities in the world. However, business has had a role in the salvation of some of these old dowagers, in utilising them for corporate purposes; and so, too, have those owners who have the will, the love and the means to keep the homes in pristine condition. A wide range of architectural styles is evident – for the buildings are not exclusively Victorian but also Voortrekker, Edwardian, Tudor and Italian Renaissance, and Art Deco in design. Examples of these have been selected and intertwined with the stories of the families who have lived in particular homes. These echoes of the past that line our streets link us to the city's history and their grace and charm should be recognised and preserved before it is too late.
Featuring more than 30 houses with over 250 photographs - each house has a story to tell.
At last, Henry Brown tells his story. And what a story it Is. His early law experience in Cape Town cast him into the eye of the Struggle when he represented key anti-apartheid activists, including Nelson Mandela on Robben Island, Winnie Mandela, Zach de Beer, Albie Sachs, Robert Sobukwe and many others. Working with SWAPO and the International University Exchange Fund brought him into contact with notorious government spy, Craig Williamson. Then, on moving to Britain, Henry rose to become a senior level partner in a City of London law firm, gaining national and international recognition through his pioneering of mediation and Alternative Dispute Resolution, with his objective to bring humanity and Ubuntu into the practice of law and the resolution of disputes. In his foreword, distinguished former Constitutional Court judge, Albie Sachs, writes: “he tells an astonishingly rich and powerful story in a calm, low-key and well organised way...unusually unpretentious in a highly competitive and self-projecting profession...”
Read a review of Henry Brown’s A Lawyer’s Odyssey: Apartheid, Mandela and Beyond by Verne Harris of the Nelson Mandela Foundation
Not surprisingly, given the book’s title, Henry Brown has written a memoir about his legal career and the work he has done – drawing on his considerable legal and life experience - in the field of mediation. For the Nelson Mandela Foundation, the text offers multiple intersections with the life and times of its Founder, and provides fascinating insight into the provenance of three of its archival collections – Mandela’s prison letters, a collection of legal records donated by Hymie Bernadt, and a collection of papers donated by Judge Thumba Pillay. For myself, I would have wished for many more layers of the personal than what Brown actually gives us – he keeps his focus unrelentingly on the professional, even the technical, seldom providing readers with a sense of his views on life, love and everything else. In some ways his approach provides a unique perspective in a publishing space dominated by the male titans of South African human rights lawyering, from Mandela to Bizos, Sachs to Moseneke. Both his view and his voice are humble – he confines his line of enquiry to technical detail rather than big political questions, and his human rights work is always just one thread in a tapestry of general legal practice. He self-identified as a generalist with a range of special interests – including what he calls ‘political’ work, intellectual property, immigration law, family and divorce law. The latter part of his career he devoted to a passion for mediation work, becoming a renowned (and widely published) authority in the field (this, of course, is not something Brown makes plain in the book, I had to rely on Google for that …)
For many years Henry Brown was just a name to the Foundation, appearing often in the records which Hymie Bernadt donated to us in 2005. Bernadt had been a partner in the Cape Town-based firm Frank, Bernadt and Joffe, which had acted for Mandela through the years of his incarceration. Brown’s narrative brings the firm to life – its structure, the people who worked there, its work processes and cultures. And it provides a rich array of technical detail on the legal support the firm gave to Mandela and his family in the period 1965 to 1971. Brown handled a range of matters, consulted with Mandela on Robben Island more than once, and supported legal and related interventions. There was support for Mandela on multiple charges of breaching prison regulations, for Winnie Madikizela-Mandela on a charge of having breached a banning order, for family members needing financial and other assistance, and for Mandela in defending himself against an attempt by the apartheid state (in 1967) to have him removed from the roll of attorneys on the grounds of his alleged membership of the Communist Party. In terms of the latter, Brown, predictably, provides no analysis on what is the vexed question of whether Mandela ever was a card-carrying member of the Party. As always, he confines himself to the technical dimensions of the legal support he provided to Mandela in the matter.
In 1971 Brown left South Africa to make a new life in London with his family. They moved into the Muswell Hill area, living literally just down the street from Adelaide and OR Tambo and having as close neighbours other South African exiles, like the Dadoos, the La Gumas and the Septembers. Brown immediately joined the British Anti-Apartheid Movement, and remained a member for many years. But A Lawyer’s Odyssey is a legal memoir, so Brown frustratingly offers no reflection, no exploration, of life, love and everything else in the movement and in Muswell Hill. In 1975 he and Arnold Simanowitz set up their own law firm, and it wasn’t long before Brown found himself again acting on behalf of Nelson Mandela. In 1978 he was briefed by Mac Maharaj on a detailed expose of conditions on Robben Island written by Mandela and smuggled out to Durban-based lawyer Thumba Pillay.
Over the next two years Brown supported Pillay and his old boss Hymie Bernadt in the action designed to defend the rights of political prisoners on the Island. A listing of Brown’s human rights work through nearly four decades reads like a South African struggle who’s who. He represented many Robben Island prisoners other than Mandela. He was Albie Sach’s attorney during the latter’s first period in detention. He worked on the inquest into the death in detention of Imam Abdullah Haron, the libel case of Robert Smangaliso Sobukwe, the apartheid state’s criminalisation of homosexuality, and apartheid spy Craig Williamson’s infiltration of the IUEF in Europe. At different times he represented Chris Hani’s uncle Milton Hani, Chief Sabata Dalindyebo (a matter in which he worked closely with Griffiths Mxenge), SWAPO and IDAF. The experience of reading Brown’s modest, very matter-of-fact, accounts of his role at these moments and with these historical figures reminded me of nothing so much as my first reading of John Irving’s The World According to Garp. I loved that book. And I love Brown’s.
bright, attractive, fiercely independent, inspirational and an highly influential activist was a symbol of defiance against apartheid for she stood as a constant reminder that women chose to stand up, resist, and be counted in the liberation struggle
Choosing to be defiantis a visual narrative of Fatima Meer, putting the pictures of her life in the context of their time and the events that shaped her defiance. She was only 17 when her voice was heard for the first time from public platforms in Durban in support of a brave and sustained campaign against racial legislation in 1946. It became a compelling and distinctive voice of rare power over the next six decades.
Rajendra Chetty teaches at the University of the Western Cape. He is a postcolonial scholar and pioneering researcher in the area of South African Indian writings. His seminal works include South African Indian writings in English (2002) and The Vintage Book of South African Indian writing (2010). Other books include: Indias abroad: The diaspora writes back (2004); Transnationalisms and diasporas (2009); Trauma, Resistance, Reconstruction in Post-1994 South African writing (2010); Narrating the new nation (2018); and a literary biography, At the edge: the writings of Ronnie Govender (2018).